United States: A case of bubonic plague came to light in a citizen of central Oregon, likely to contracted from a sick pet cat, said health officials of the region. 

The infected patient and his/her contacts who were directly exposed to the case are under treatment, as public health officials say, and we do not consider the population at large to be vulnerable. In this case, the cat was also given treatment but did not recover. 

Plague situation in the US 

Plague used to be more common historically in the western United States where, according to the CDC, only a few cases are reported a year. 

Unlike Alaskapox, a recently discovered disease that led to the death of a man in Alaska and is found only in Alaska, this is a completely different disease, reported by AP News. 

Here are some of the facts you need to know about the plague disease, transmission process, and how a once death-bringing phenomenon is now being controlled. 

Know more about Plague 

Plague, which used to be indispensable for mammals, is an infectious disease. It is transmitted by the bacterium Yersinia pestis through rodents and fleas as a vector. 

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, direct exposure to sunlight and drying can kill bacteria on surfaces that cause plague. In general, humans and pets afflicted by the plague either get treated with antimicrobials or other medications. 

In general, plague symptoms can take one out of three forms. One of the types of the plague – called bubonic plague, which is caused when the plague germ gets in the lymph nodes. It leads to fever, headache, and weakness of lymph nodes. Normally it occurs with the bite of a sick flea that is per the CDC, reported by AP News. 

Septicemic plague symptoms can exist if the bacteria become inside the blood system. It happens either right from the beginning or when a person with bubonic plague is not treated well. 

This plague type is accompanied by the same chills, fever, and weakness and it can also result in digestive problems and sometimes lead to serious complications such as shock and interior bleeding that may affect the skin, the nose, or the finger. 

CDC stated that this one could be caused by a flea bite or by playing with a sick animal. 

Plague pneumonic is one of the serious kinds of the disease. How the bacteria gets into the lungs causes it. Pneumonic plague is complicated by an increased rate of developing pneumonia due to the addition to the list of symptoms of plague. It is things, substances, and droplets in the air that make respiratory transmission possible whereas in no other plague. 

All forms of plague can be treated by antibiotics treatment. 

Plague, a Middle Ages disease! 

The Black Death is the most notable pandemic that seemed to have killed almost half of the population perhaps as has been seen in Europe, the Middle East, and northern Africa on its way. It came in wave after wave during the period from 1347 to 1351 and left communities in the Middle East and Europe decimated. It took a span of about 400 years to come to a conclusion, as reported by AP News. 

An earlier major plague pandemic, dubbed the Justinian plague, started in Rome around 541 and continued to erupt for the next couple hundred years. 

The third major plague pandemic started in the Yunnan region of China in the mid-1800s and spread along trade routes, arriving in Hong Kong and Bombay about 40 years later. It eventually reached every continent except Antarctica, according to the Cleveland Clinic, and is estimated to have killed roughly 12 million people in China and India alone. 

As a result of its swift arrival, it became the first pandemic that has managed to reach every continent in the entire world except for Antarctica, according to the Cleveland Clinic. It is estimated that the pandemic has killed about 12 million people just in China and India. 

Nowadays, plague is not an untreatable disease anymore with precise antibiotic or supportive treatment even for the worst pneumonic form if the patient is brought to a clinic on time, points out the World Health Organization. 

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