United States: The city office today announced the health of the public was in a state of emergency after one death and nine patients were hospitalized during a tuberculosis outbreak. 

More about the outbreak 

Health authorities reports the outbreak was instigated by a group of people, who gathered in a Long Beach hotel room. 

As of April 29th, officials are confident that 14 cases of TB are connected to this outbreak – nine of them having to stay hospitalized, and one resulted in death. 

Investigators are apparently considering about 170 people have probably been infected with the virus. Healthcare workers should be in touch with all travelers who had hotel visited during the time the infected people were around, as ktla.com reported. 

TB Outbreak, 170 Feared Infected, US City Declares Health Emergency. Credit | Shutterstock
TB Outbreak, 170 Feared Infected, US City Declares Health Emergency. Credit | Shutterstock

What does the CDC have to say about the disease? 

Tuberculosis is a quite serious disease of the respiratory tract, which spreads through the air via the air when sneezing, coughing, or just speaking for the infected person, which mainly involves the lungs, based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 

The Long Beach health officials stated, “Tuberculosis spreads easily where people gather in crowds or where people live in crowded conditions,” and “People with HIV/AIDS and other people with weakened immune systems have a higher risk of catching tuberculosis than people with typical immune systems.” 

Moreover, as the CDC noted, “Symptoms of TB disease depend on where in the body the TB bacteria are growing,” and “TB bacteria usually grow in the lungs (pulmonary TB). 

What are the symptoms of TB normally? 

According to the health experts’ report, TB generally attacks the lungs, thereby causing symptoms such as a bad cough, which might last for more than three weeks or even longer, and painful chest, blood, or sputum while coughing. 

Likewise, other symptoms of TB are feeling fatigued, weight loss, no appetite, fever or chills, and sweating at night. 

TB Outbreak, 170 Feared Infected, US City Declares Health Emergency.
TB Outbreak, 170 Feared Infected, US City Declares Health Emergency.

The majority of human tuberculosis cases are treatable by antibiotics. Contrary to this, the ones that follow on with medication might have to do so for around six to nine months. 

CDC also adds that not everyone who is infected with tuberculosis-similar bacteria will develop symptoms of the illness since there are two TB conditions due to that: a latent TB infection and TB disease. 

Health officials said, “People who have been infected but are not yet sick have what’s called latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI),” and, “People with LTBI can take medication so that they do not later get sick with active TB disease.” 

Moreover, the Long Beach officials also explained that the emergency department of the city has made declaration which will “streamline the Department’s ability to quickly secure resources and take additional action to contain the outbreak,” as ktla.com reported. 

“The population of concern requires outreach and engagement, necessitating significant staff time to perform multiple interactions. The Department has exhausted their resources to manage this response without an emergency declaration,” said officials. 

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