United States: An ”international visitor ” who took public transport to move from Boston to Amsterdam early this month was diagnosed with measles and has subsequently exposed other people to the infection. 

More about the culprit virus 

Measles spreads at a rate that is higher than virtually all other diseases on the planet. A research done by the Department of Public Health showed that malaria virus that affects the respiratory system is located in the mouth and the nose. 

The agency also revealed that the virus can float in the air for up to two hours and is released through an infected person’s sneeze, cough, or voice. 

As stated in the interview with the Public Health Commissioner Dr. Robbie Goldstein, “Measles is a highly infectious respiratory disease that is on the rise and has increased the rates of outbreaks internationally,” as the Boston Herald reported. 

Goldstein continued, “For individuals not vaccinated, they are more susceptible to being infected with this disease Everyone should ensure they are vaccinated since vaccination is the only way of preventing the disease. 

Traveler With Measles Exposed Others on Boston-Amsterdam Trip. Credit | Reddit User
Traveler With Measles Exposed Others on Boston-Amsterdam Trip. Credit | Reddit User

The trajectory of travel by an infected person 

The traveler took an 11:40 a.m. Dartmouth Coach bus to trip from Hanover, New Hampshire, on June 22, according to the Department of Public Health. The individual reached Logan Airport around 2:40 p.m. and was in Terminal E until 8:40 p.m. when it departed through Gate E5 on a Delta flight KLM 6016, said the agency. 

The officials said that the Department of Public Health, local health departments, and healthcare providers “are working to contact individuals at high risk for exposure to this traveler,” as the Boston Herald.com reported. 

They added, “However, exposures on public transportation make identification of high-risk contacts challenging. Those exposed who do not have evidence of immunity to measles may be subject to quarantine for up to 21 days following the exposure.” 

What more have the health experts said? 

Health officials advised that the exposed persons who start developing symptoms should call the health care provider before presenting themselves at an office, clinic, or emergency department. 

According to the agency, “Visiting a healthcare facility may put others at risk and should be avoided. If you do need to visit a health care facility, please make sure to wear a mask to reduce possible transmission.” 

Efficacy of vaccination 

A measles vaccine administered within 72 hours of contact would eliminate the virus, and the subsequent vaccine will protect from other exposures, the department has said. 

Measles is characterized by phase, where symptoms start to appear 10 days to weeks after exposure, symptoms are similar as cold, fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes; the dermatologic phase, which begins two to four days after the onset of symptoms is a occurs on the skin two to four days after the onset of initial symptoms, according to Department of Public Health. 

The rash first emerges on the head and spreads down the body, the agency stated. 

The department mentioned that “The rash typically lasts a few days and then disappears in the same order. People with measles may be contagious up to four days before the rash appears and for four days after the day the rash appears,” as the Boston Herald reported. 

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