United States: A new report on sexually transmitted infections has pointed out that the world is facing a worrying situation of soaring Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and it is a “major concern,” as noted by the WHO on Tuesday. 

As per the news report, four curable STIs are chlamydia, gonorrhea, Syphilis, and trichomoniasis, affecting more than one million adults daily in the age group of 15 to 49 years. 

Concentrating on communicable diseases, it is worth noting that the incidence rate is on a steady rise, especially in Syphilis, as ABC News reported. 

The rising number of cases  

New cases of Syphilis in the adult population of 15-49 years that were registered in 2018 compared to the previous year rose, namely it became 7. It progressed from having 1 million daily cases in 2020 to 8 million cases in 2022, as stated in the report 

WHO Sounds Alarm as Antibiotic-Resistant STIs on Rise. Credit | Getty Images
WHO Sounds Alarm as Antibiotic-Resistant STIs on Rise. Credit | Getty Images

According to ABC News, there have also been observed trends in the rate of congenital syphilis rate, meaning that the mother has transmitted the disease to her baby during pregnancy. From 2020 up to 2022, the ratio of deaths per incidence per 100,000 live births per year increased from 425 to 523 for children under five. 

Syphilis cases in the US 

Similar trends are observed on a global level, they are very close to those observed in the United States. According to the CDC report published in February this year data the number of reported Syphilis cases has reached 207,255 in the United States to 2022, it is 17 percent higher in comparison with the previous year and rates the highest since 1950. 

The report also revealed that antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea cases are on the rise, which was described as another “concern. ” By 2023, nine countries reported increased levels of resistance – from 5 to 40 percent – to ceftriaxone, which is used only as a last resort in treating gonorrhea. 

WHO Sounds Alarm as Antibiotic-Resistant STIs on Rise. Credit | Shutterstock
WHO Sounds Alarm as Antibiotic-Resistant STIs on Rise. Credit | Shutterstock

STI’s antibiotic resistance 

The report also found that cases of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea are increasing, which was labeled another “concern.” As of 2023, nine countries reported elevated levels, from 5 percent to 40 percent, of resistance to ceftriaxone, which is considered a last-line treatment for gonorrhea. 

The data indicates that initial STI screening is not common, or if it is rising, it is not being screened, while other concerns include a lack of access to care. 

According to WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, “The rising incidence of syphilis raises major concerns,” and “Fortunately, there has been important progress on a number of other fronts, including in accelerating access to critical health commodities including diagnostics and treatment.” 

Moreover, he added, “We have the tools required to end these epidemics as public health threats by 2030, but we now need to ensure that, in the context of an increasingly complex world, countries do all they can to achieve the ambitious targets they set themselves,” as ABC News reported. 

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